Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a bush or a low tree that can grow up to 8 metres high. Today it grows in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey, northern India, in the Mediterranean countries, the countries of North Africa and the United States of America. In Dalmatia, it is mainly located in the valley of the river Neretva. Pomegranate is mostly used fresh and for making juices and various sauces for cooking. In history, the pomegranate had a strong symbolic role, already in the time of Egyptian civilization. It is often also the subject of artistic depictions especially in the field of painting.
Pomegranate fruits contain many healthy substances, reflected by the large number of studies that examine the impact of the intake of the fruit on modern diseases and infections. The juice and the flesh of the pomegranate contain many polyphenols (punicalagin), which are powerful antioxidants. Oil that is produced from the seeds contains about 60% of conjugated punicic acid, which is ranked among the unsaturated fatty acids and has similar effects as omega-3 acids, and works anticarcinogenic.
Results of morphological analysis and genotyping as well as nutritional values and antimicrobial activity will be available for the duration of the project.